Young or ∑merging Readers need to develop their understanding of letters and sounds, phonemic awareness (how sounds work together) and reading fluency. For students who are at risk of retention in the early years of school, teachers will often suggest an early reading intervention method (ERIM). Though this sounds like a disability, most often young readers struggle because they have not developed at the same rate as others. Just like some kids growing later than their friends, some readers take a bit more time to start reading than their classmates. Taking action now is critical for a young reader who is late developing. These students need extra time and help to catch up to avoid further struggle or worse, labeling by teachers and schools.
If you have a young reader who is struggling, your first steps should be to focus on alphabetic principle and phonological awareness, followed by fluency with connected text.